CDS EXAM - 1/2022 GK PART -1
Published on April 17, 2022, 8:36 a.m.

Q.1) Consider the following statements:
1. In the 19th century, peasants in various parts of India rose in revolt against moneylenders and grain dealers.
2. In May 1875, at village Supa in Poona District in the Bombay Deccan, peasants attacked shopkeepers, burnt the bahi khatas (account books), looted grain shops and set fire to the houses of Sahukars. 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation: In 19th century , the advent of British rule destroyed the mutual dependence of cultivator and money lenders. British laws , Judicial system and land revenue policy together gave the money lenders an opportunity to exploit peasants. Option 1 is correct.
Deccan Riots of 1875 started at Supa village in Poona. Farmers attacked a market place where money lenders lived. They burnt account Books and looted grain shops.They also burnt the houses of sahukars. Option 2 is correct.
2. Which one of the following was not a part of Kautilya’s Saptanga Theory of the State?
(a) Amatya
(b) Janapada
(c) Durga
(d) Dhamma
Kautilya enumerated Seven Prakirtis or essential organs of the state. The lists are
a. Swami (The Ruler)
b. Amatya (The Minister)
c. Janapada (The Population)
d. Durga (The Fortified Capital)
e. Kosa (The Treasury)
f. Danda (The Army)
g. Mitra (Ally and Friend)

3. Consider the following statements about Ashoka’s faith in Buddhism:
1. Rummindei Pillar Inscription and Nigali Sagar Pillar Inscription provide clear evidence of Ashoka’s faith in Buddhism. 
2. Minor Rock Edict-I gives evidence of a sudden change in Ashoka’s faith in Buddhism.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Rummindei Pillar Inscription (Lumbini Pillar Inscription) - There is a mention of Asokha’s travelling and offering in this place, and the Nigali Sagar Pillar inscription mentions that Asokha’s stupa’s work in that place. Option I is correct.
Asoka's faith in Buddhism is gradually changing, and the Minor Rock Edict provides evidence of this change. Option 2 is wrong.
4. Which of the following variable(s) is/are displayed in population pyramids?
1. Age-groups
2. Sex indicators (male and female)
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

5. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:
List I List II
(Lake) (State)
A. Kaliveli 1. Sikkim
B. Khajjiar 2. Kerala
C. Khecheopalri              3. Himachal Pradesh
D. Vembanad 4. Tamil Nadu
(a) 2 1 3 4
(b) 2 3 1 4
(c) 4 1 3 2
(d) 4 3 1 2
Kaliveli Lake or Lagoon is a coastal lake or lagoon with wetlands in Tamil Nadu
Khajjiar Lake is situated in Himachal Pradesh and it is surrounded by cedar trees.
Khecheopalri Lake or originally known as Kha-Chot-Palri (Heaven of Padmasambhava) is a lake located in Himachal Pradesh.
Vembanad (Punnamada) Lake is the longest lake in India and the largest lake in Kerala.
6. Which one of following is the most important factor for the formulation of smog?
(a) Long winter nights
(b) Formation of an ‘inversion lid’
(c) Presence of many air pollutant resources
(d) Rapid fall in temperature with increasing height above the sea level

Explanation:  The word smog is derived from Smoke and Fog. This is the most common example of air pollution in many cities throughout the world.

7. Mount Thullier (642 m) is an important mountain peak of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is located in:
(a) North Andaman
(b) Middle Andaman
(c) South Andaman
(d) Great Nicobar

8. Which one of the following land surfaces has the highest albedo?
(a) A snow covered mountain
(b) A barren rocky piedmont surface
(c) A sandy desert
(d) A mangrove forest
Explanation: The reflected amount of radiation is called the albedo of the earth.
9. Which one of the following terms represents the maxim, ‘no man/person shall be condemned unheard’?
(a) Autrefois acquit
(b) Non bis in idem
(c) Autrefois convict
(d) Audi Alteram Partem
Explanation: Audi Alteram Partem means ‘ Hear the other side ‘ , no man should be condemned unheared or both the sides must be heard before passing any order.
Autrefois Acquit refers to that a person cannot be put on a trial for an offence, he has been previously acquitted and Autrefois Convict refers to that a person cannot be put on trial for the same offence, he has been previously convicted for
Non bis in idem is a legal doctrine to the effect that no legal action can be instituted twice for the same cause of action

10. Which one of the following statements about the Speaker of Lok Sabha is not correct?
a. He shall vacate his office if he ceases to be a member of the House of the People
b. He may, at any time, resign by writing his resignation to the President of India.
c. He may be removed from his office by a resolution of the House of the People passed by majority of all the then members of the house.
d. While the office of the Speaker is vacant, the duties of the office shall be performed by the Deputy Speaker. 
Explanation: He may , at any time , resign by writing his resignation to the Deputy Speaker