22nd APR 2022 Current Affairs
Published on April 24, 2022, 8:13 a.m.

1.Mangrove Forest
The Pichavaram mangrove forest in Tamil Nadu , is considered the second largest in the country after West Bengal’s Sunderbans, is the largest , is a storehouse of Biodiversity.
Straddling with Vellar and Coleroon rivers , which flow into the Bay of Bengal , the verdant mangrove region , a unique ecosystem spread over 1000 hectares , is undeniably one of Tamil Nadu hidden gems.

The mangroves were also abundant in the region and they offered natural protection to the backwaters and the coast , but their gradual destruction has led to erosion and environmental issues.
The biggest threat is the proliferation of shrimp farms which have been illegally drawing water from the natural creeks in the mangrove ecosystem. Irresponsible visitors littering sensitive areas are also cause for concern.Mangroves are the first line of defence for coastal communities and play a major role in minimizing the impact of natural disasters like Tsunami , Floods and Cyclones. 

2.Man – Animal Conflict
The Environment Ministry must constitute an advisory body of experts to tackle growing instances of human – animal conflict , according to a report by the standing committee on Science , Technology , Environment and Climate Change headed by Rajya Sabha member Jairam Ramesh.
The report analyses the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Bill , 2021 tabled in the Lok Sabha in December 2021. 

The Wildlife (Protection) Act , 1972 provides a legal framework for the protection of various species of wild animals and plants. While  it has been amended several times , the latest set of proposed amendments by the Environment Ministry were to make it more compliant with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) , to which India is a signatory.

The report recommends an advisory committee to be headed by the Chief Wildlife Warden , who can consult the committee to act appropriately.
Such a committee with few members and in depth technical knowledge for evolving effective site specific plans or mitigation strategies including recommendations on changing cropping patterns and for taking critical decisions at short notice , empowered under the law is necessary.

3.Nehru Memorial Museum and Library
The Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (NMML) opened its doors to the public as the Prime Ministers Museum dedicated to all former Prime Ministers.The Prime Ministers Museum includes the new iconic building and the refurbished heritage building . For the first time , selected memorabilia from the toshakhana (Treasure House) gifted to Nehru , Vajpayee , Man Mohan Singh and Narendra Modi.

4.Guru Tegh Bahadur

Prime Minister Narendra Modi released a commemorative coin and postage stamp to mark the 400th birth anniversary of Guru Tegh Bahadur , and recalled the sacrifice of the ninth sikh guru in protecting culture.Veer Bal Diwas was observed on December 20 to commemorate the sacrifice of Guru Gobind Singh’s sons.The citizenship (Amendment) Act has paved the the way for granting citizenship to families of Sikhs and other minorities that have come to India from neighbouring countries.

4.Electric Vehicles
NITI Aayog released a draft battery swapping policy targeted at electric two and three wheelers as the government think tank aims to expedite large scale adoption of Electric Vehicles.
The policy proposals include incentives for Electric Vehicles with swappable batteries , subsidies to firms manufacturing swappable batteries, technical and testing requirements , and reduction of GST among other things.
The NITI Aayog has also proposed that demand-side incentives offered under existing schemes or new schemes for EV purchase could be made available to Electric Vehicles with swappable batteries eligible under this policy.
5.Cricketers of the year
India captain Rohit Sharma and pace spearhead Jasprit Bumrah have been named among five players in Wisden’s Cricketers of the year in the 2022 edition of the Almanack.
England’s Joe Root has been named leading cricketer in the world , While south Africa batter Lizelle Lee gets the women’s equivalent. Besides , Pakistan wicketkeeper batter Mohammad Rizwan earned the title of leading T20 Cricketer in the world.